Dab Rigs are generally made out of glass. There is the main part of the rig that resembles a traditional bong, and a nail, sometimes called a skillet, that is made of titanium, glass, or quartz to hold the heated dab concentrate.
The nail must be made of a substance that can withstand the high temperatures required to vaporize the concentrate. The concentrate is placed on the dab nail using a dabber. The dab concentrate on the dab rig nail is then heated using a butane torch and the user inhales the vapour created through the dab rig’s mouthpiece.
The dab rig is designed to heat the oils, waxes or concentrates to an exceedingly high temperature of 600 to 700 degrees Fahrenheit (316 to 371 Celsius) so that it does not combust but rather vaporize.